Intended for healthcare professionals

Observations Border Crossing

Enlist the patients’ help

BMJ 2011; 343 doi: (Published 14 September 2011) Cite this as: BMJ 2011;343:d5827

What is translational medicine?

There are three kinds of medical science: basic (laboratory), applied
(doctor's office or hospital), and translational (patient's home). Basic
science enables laboratory scientists to educate physicians; applied
science enables physicians to help patients; and translational science
enables patients to help themselves. So translational medicine
"translates" basic and applied science into clear, concise, practical
advice that enables patients to function as partners with their

Competing interests: No competing interests

19 September 2011
Hugh Mann
Eagle Rock, MO 65641 USA