Intended for healthcare professionals

Rapid response to:

Beyond Science

Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial

BMJ 2001; 323 doi: (Published 22 December 2001) Cite this as: BMJ 2001;323:1450

Rapid Response:

Re: Free will, determinism and Laplace's demon.



“ We may regard the present state of the universe as the effect of
its past and the cause of its future".

Omar Al-Khayyam

"The dawn of the first day of creation wrote what the evening of the
last day shall read"

I prefer Omar's version of destiny.

Michael Innis

Competing interests:
None declared

Competing interests: No competing interests

09 February 2009
Michael D Innis