Intended for healthcare professionals


How long does it take to train a surgeon?

BMJ 2009; 339 doi: (Published 05 November 2009) Cite this as: BMJ 2009;339:b4260

Kudos to Surgeons

Healthcare is a profound process that alters both physician and patient.
education is a demanding, exacting, life-altering process that trains physicians
to alter the patient’s anatomy (surgery) and physiology (medicine). Anatomical
alterations are the exclusive domain of surgeons, whose training is the longest
and most demanding of all specialties. Surgeons require not just knowledge,
also strength, stamina, speed, acuity, and dexterity. Surgery is so central to
healthcare that the history of surgery is the history of healthcare.

Competing interests:
None declared

Competing interests: No competing interests

16 November 2009
Hugh Mann
Eagle Rock, MO 65641 USA