Table 3

 Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for gastric cancer among patients with different lesions in the stomach compared with normal group

Mucosal status at baseline*Hazard ratio (95% CI)†
Cardia gastric cancerNon-cardia gastric cancerAll gastric cancer
NormalReferenceReferenceReference
Minor mucosal change1.1 (0.4 to 2.9)1.9 (1.3 to 2.8)1.8 (1.2 to 2.5)
Gastritis1.8 (1.2 to 2.9)2.8 (2.3 to 3.5)2.6 (2.2 to 3.2)
Atrophic gastritis2.4 (1.1 to 4.8)5.0 (3.8 to 6.7)4.5 (3.5 to 5.8)
Intestinal metaplasia4.7 (2.3 to 9.5)6.5 (4.8 to 8.9)6.2 (4.7 to 8.2)
Dysplasia6.0 (2.3 to 15.9)12.1 (8.3 to 17.6)10.9 (7.7 to 15.4)

*Defined as first biopsy identified in database. When multiple diagnoses were present, the most severe one was selected.

†Using attained age as underlying time scale, estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression model, adjusted for sex, and stratified by pathology department.