Table 1

Baseline symptoms and signs of patients in both treatment arms on admission. Values are numbers (percentages) of patients

VariableArtemether (n=51)Quinine (n=52)
Cough29 (57)32 (62)
Vomiting19 (37)28 (54)
Difficulty breathing12 (24)11 (21)
Abnormal posture6 (12)4 (8)
Blantyre coma score*
238 (75)39 (75)
112 (23)12 (23)
01 (2)1 (2)
Blood transfusion30 (59)31 (60)
  • * Minimum score 0 (poor); maximum score 5 (good); abnormal score ≤4.