Table 5.

Mean (standard deviation) total costs () and differences in mean total costs (95% confidence intervals)* during follow up of 52 weeks for three interventions for neck pain

Mean (SD) total costsDifference in mean (95% CI) total costs
CostsManual therapy (n=60)Physiotherapy (n=59)General practitioner care (n=64)Manual therapy v general practitioner careManual therapy v physiotherapyPhysiotherapy v general practitioner care
Direct healthcare costs222 (141)390 (353)316 (473)-94 (−342 to −9)-168 (−264 to −84)74 (−83 to 196)
Direct non-healthcare costs50 (139)127 (509)74 (213)-24 (−95 to 34)-77 (−315 to 7)53 (−41 to 262)
Total direct costs271 (222)517 (677)390 (544)-119 (−290 to −4)-246 (−498 to −115)127 (−79 to 352)
Indirect costs177 (447)780 (2999)989 (2788)-812 (−1998 to −280)-603 (−2076 to −116)-209 (−921 to 1245)
Total costs447 (525)1297 (3475)1379 (3104)-932 (−1932 to −283)-850 (−2258 to −239)-82 (−1063 to 1446)
  • 1.00=£0.60, $0.90.

  • * 95% confidence interval obtained by bias corrected and accelerated bootstrapping.