Table 3

Maternal consumption of coffee during pregnancy and unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios for infant death, Aarhus, Denmark, 1989-96

Odds ratio (95% CI)
Coffee (cups/day)No of womenNo of infant deaths/1000 live birthsUnadjustedAdjusted*AdjustedAdjusted
0784734 (4.3)1111
1-3634527 (4.3)1.0 (0.6 to 1.6)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5)1.0 (0.6 to 1.6)0.9 (0.6 to 1.6)
4-732654 (1.2)0.3 (0.1 to 0.8)0.2 (0.1 to 0.7)0.3 (0.1 to 0.7)0.2 (0.1 to 0.7)
≥89399 (9.6)2.2 (1.1 to 4.7)1.6 (0.7 to 3.5)2.1 (1.0 to 4.6)1.6 (0.7 to 3.6)
  • *Adjusted for smoking during pregnancy

  • †Adjusted for alcohol intake during pregnancy

  • ‡Adjusted for smoking and alcohol intake during pregnancy, parity, maternal age, marital status, years of education, employment status during pregnancy, and maternal body mass index