TABLE 1

Table 1. Baseline characteristics of patients with painful stiff shoulder by treatment received. Values are numbers (percentages) unless indicated otherwise

Patients treated with corticosteroid injection (n=53)Patients treated with physiotherapy (n=56)
Mean (SD) age (years)57.3 (10.2)60.2 (10.7)
Women25 (47)33 (59)
Concomitant neck pain24 (45)32 (57)
Previous episodes of shoulder pain23 (43)17 (30)
Duration of current episode (months):
 <17 (13)6 (11)
 ≥1-321 (40)26 (46)
 >3-613 (24)9 (16)
 >6-128 (15)9 (16)
 >124 (8)6 (11)
Acute onset9 (17)15 (27)
Precipitating cause:
 Overuse or strain7 (13)7 (13)
 Minor injury8 (15)7 (13)
 Unknown35 (66)34 (61)
Dominant shoulder affected18 (34)25 (45)
Course of symptoms preceding enrollment:
 Improved4 (8)7 (13)
 Stable34 (64)35 (65)
 Deteriorated15 (28)12 (22)
Median (interquartile range) rating of severity as measured on visual analog scale*:
Associated with main complaint86 (74 to 93)78 (62 to 87)
 Of pain during the day49 (28 to 66)48 (31 to 65)
 Of pain at night52 (11 to 75)43 (16 to 78)
 According to observer56 (30 to 65)53 (37 to 60)
Median (interquartile range) rating of shoulder disability69 (56 to 81)69 (56 to 85)
Median (interquartile range) degree of restriction of range of motion:
 Lateral rotation22 (8 to 31)19 (8 to 34)
 Glenohumeral abduction40 (25 to 50)35 (22 to 48)
  • * Range of scores is 0-100; 100 indicates very severe pain.

  • †Range of scores on shoulder disability questionnaire is 0-100; 100 indicates severe disability.11 12

  • ‡Restriction of range of motion as compared to healthy shoulder; measured by the independent observer.