TABLE 2

Geometric mean scores (ranges) on questionnaires assessing psychological illness among women after surgery for breast cancer

 QuestionnaireEarly dischargeStandard dischargeRatio* (95% CI)P value
 Preoperatively
Concerns checklist5.9 (0-25)5.8 (0-32)1.00 (0.76 to 1.32)0.97
Anxiety3.9 (0-21)3.4 (0-19)1.10 (0.76 to 1.57)0.63
Depression1.6 (0-15)1.6 (0-15)1.00 (0.72 to 1.40)0.99
Hospital anxiety and depression5.7 (0-36)5.1 (0-34)1.07 (0.72 to 1.60)0.73
Rotterdam8.1 (0-40)9.4 (0-51)0.87 (0.59 to 1.27)0.47
Spielberger37.2 (20-73)37.1 (21-77)1.00 (0.86 to 1.15)0.92
  At 1 month
Concerns checklist4.4 (0-22)5.0 (0-28)0.92 (0.66 to 1.30)0.65
Anxiety1.7 (0-13)1.7 (0-10)1.00 (0.69 to 1.45)0.99
Depression1.6 (0-20)2.4 (0-18)0.76 (0.56 to 1.03)0.076
Hospital anxiety and depression3.3 (0-33)4.1 (0-25)0.84 (0.57 to 1.24)0.38
Rotterdam7.0 (0-54)10.0 (1-51)0.73 (0.55 to 0.98)0.035
Spielberger29.2 (20-65)31.2 (20-71)0.94 (0.82 to 1.07)0.35
  At 3 months
Concerns checklist3.7 (0-19)2.8 (0-36)1.23 (0.90 to 1.69)0.20
Anxiety1.4 (0-10)1.7 (0-17)0.92 (0.69 to 1.23)0.58
Depression1.2 (0-11)1.7 (0-15)0.80 (0.60 to 1.08)0.14
Hospital anxiety and depression2.3 (0-21)3.5 (0-32)0.77 (0.57 to 1.05)0.097
Rotterdam6.3 (0-60)7.0 (0-57)0.87 (0.66 to 1.13)0.32
Spielberger28.7 (20-71)28.7 (20-76)1.00 (0.90 to 1.12)0.99
  • *Early to standard discharge adjusted for clustering on weeks.