TABLE 1

Physical illness among women after surgery for breast cancer. Values are numbers (percentages) of patients unless stated otherwise

Early discharge (n=49)Standard discharge (n=51)Ratio or odds ratio (95% CI)*P value
Geometric mean time to removal of drain (range) (days)5.5 (3-11)5.3 (2-12)1.02 (0.89 to 1.18)0.74
Geometric mean No of aspirations required (range)1.9 (1-9)2.2 (1-4)0.86 (0.58 to 1.28)0.46
Readmission1 (2)3 (6)0.33 (0.03 to 3.19)0.34
Seroma formation17 (36)19 (40)0.86 (0.38 to 1.95)0.73
At 3 months:
 Wound infection12 (26)16 (33)0.69 (0.28 to 1.66)0.40
 Arm or hand swelling3 (6)7 (15)0.39 (0.10 to 1.44)0.16
 Restricted shoulder movement5 (11)14 (30)0.28 (0.08 to 0.95)0.042
 Wound pain7 (15)18 (39)0.28 (0.10 to 0.79)0.016
  • * Ratio of early to standard discharge or with standard discharge as reference group, both adjusted for clustering on weeks.

  • †For differences between patients allocated to early discharge and those allocated to standard discharge.

  • ‡For patients requiring aspiration (17 allocated to early discharge, 19 allocated to standard discharge).