TABLE 4

Characteristics of previously undiagnosed subjects identified as diabetic according to WHO and ADA criteria for diagnosis of diabetesy. Figures are numbers (percentages) of subjects

VariableWHO criteria* only (n=473)ADA criteria only (n=613)ADA and WHO criteria (n=431)P value
Sex:
  Men (n=1048)310 (30)427 (41)311 (30)0.08
  Women (n=469)164 (35)185 (39)120 (26)
Age (years):
  <50 (n=414)144 (35)176 (42)94 (23)0.0001
  50-64 (n=492)130 (26)234 (48)128 (26)
  ≥64 (n=611)199 (33)203 (33)209 (34)
Body mass index (kg/m2)§:
  <25 (n=345)170 (49)125 (36)50 (14)0.00001
  25-30 (n=672)189 (28)271 (40)212 (32)
  ≥30 (n=484)108 (22)211 (44)165 (34)
  • * WHO criteria: diabetes defined by 2 hour glucose ≥11.1 mmol/l.

  • †ADA criteria: diabetes defined by fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/l.

  • ‡χ2 test.

  • §Missing for 16.