Table 3.

Relative rates of mortality for men with fathers of manual social class adjusted for socioeconomic indicators and other risk factors, with non-manual fathers' social class as baseline. P values for trend given for test across the four social class groupings used in tables 1 and 2

Cause of death and adjustmentManual social classP value for trend
All causes
Age1.44*** (1.27 to 1.63)0.0001
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car1.22** (1.06 to 1.39)0.024
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors1.19** (1.04 to 1.37)0.042
Coronary heart disease
Age1.52*** (1.24 to 1.87)0.0003
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car1.28* (1.03 to 1.61)0.11
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors1.26* (1.01 to 1.58)0.12
Stroke
Age1.83** (1.13 to 2.94)0.031
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car1.87* (1.12 to 3.12)0.049
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors1.74* (1.05 to 2.90)0.079
Lung cancer
Age1.65** (1.12 to 2.43)0.045
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car1.23 (0.81 to 1.87)0.89
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors1.23 (0.81 to 1.88)0.84
Stomach cancer
Age2.06 (0.93 to 4.57)0.011
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car2.03 (0.86 to 4.78)0.014
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors2.03 (0.86 to 4.78)0.012
Other cancer
Age0.98 (0.74 to 1.28)0.78
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car0.92 (0.68 to 1.25)0.48
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors0.90 (0.67 to 1.23)0.43
Respiratory disease
Age2.01** (1.17 to 3.48)0.008
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car1.53 (0.85 to 2.75)0.13
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car, risk factors1.60 (0.88 to 2.90)0.12
Accidents and violence
Age1.22 (0.63 to 2.38)0.47
Age, adult social class, deprivation category, car0.68 (0.33 to 1.40)0.34
  • *P<0.05.

  • **P<0.01.

  • ***P<0.001.

  • †Adjusted for smoking, diastolic blood pressure, cholesterol, body mass index, and FEV1 score.

  • ‡Adjusted for smoking, body mass index, and FEV1 score.