Table 1

Background characteristics and risk factors by pattern of beer drinking in 1641 middle aged Finnish men

Usual No of bottles of beer/session
Characteristic6 or more3-5Less than 3 (reference group)
No of men704201151
Age (SD) (years)50.4 (6.0)51.2 (5.6)52.4 (5.0)
No (%) of married men54 (77.1)340 (81.9)1034 (89.8)
Mean weekly alcohol intake (pure ethanol, g/week)278.9161.362.0
Mean (SD) No of cigarette-pack years559 (386)585 (377)710 (432)
No (%) involved in organisations12 (17.1)71 (16.9)107 (9.3)
No (%) other than white collar occupation42 (60.0)249 (59.3)613 (53.3)
No (%) with previous or existing cardiovascular disease17 (24.3)120 (28.6)289 (25.1)
No (%) with diabetes or glucose intolerance5 (7.14)14 (3.33)57 (4.95)
Leisure time physical activity (mean (SD) No hours/year)106 (118)120 (158)105 (130)
Mean (SD) body mass index (kg/m2)26.6 (3.4)27.3 (3.8)27.4 (4.0)
Mean (SD) systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)134.1 (19.7)132.3 (16.7)129.5 (17.4)
Mean (SD) cholesterol (mmol/l):
Low density lipoprotein4.05 (1.02)4.04 (0.97)4.07 (1.04)
High density lipoprotein1.33 (0.33)1.32 (0.35)1.30 (0.29)
Mean fibrinogen (g/l)3.15 (0.57)3.09 (0.54)3.00 (0.54)
Mean (SD) depression score*67.6 (12.7)67.5 (14.2)66.8 (12.4)
  • * According to Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory depression subscale (the higher the score the worse the depression).