Table 4

 Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with accurate treatment with malaria drugs in patients with suspected malaria. Values are number accurately treated/number in group (percentage) unless stated otherwise

VariablesAccurately treatedOdds ratio (95% CI)P valueAdjusted odds ratio (95% CI)P value
Diagnostic method*:
 Clinical3/412 (0.7)11
 New microscopy127/202 (62.9)232 (72 to 750)<0.001229 (71 to 743)<0.001
 Established microscopy1056/1739 (60.7)212 (68 to 664)<0.001102 (32.3 to 323)<0.001
Diagnosis*:
 Malaria433/471 (91.9)11
 Not malaria753/1885 (40.0)0.06 (0.04 to 0.08)<0.0010.07 (0.05 to 0.1)<0.001
Patients’ sex†:
 Male546/1099 (54.1)11
 Female640/1347 (47.5)0.8 (0.7 to 0.9)0.0021.0 (0.8 to 1.2)1.0
Age group*:
 0-5250/396 (63.1)11
 6-10 358/666 (53.8)0.7 (0.5 to 0.9)0.0030.6 (0.4 to 0.8)<0.001
 11-15176/352 (50.0)0.6 (0.4 to 0.8)<0.0010.9 (0.6 to 1.3)0.6
 16-20177/390 (45.4)0.5 (0.4 to 0.6)<0.0011.1 (0.8 to 1.6)0.6
 21-40188/440 (42.7)0.4 (0.3 to 0.6)<0.0011.1 (0.8 to 1.6)0.6
 >4037/112 (33.0)0.3 (0.2 to 0.4)<0.0010.8 (0.4 to 1.4)0.3
Clinician providing treatment*:
 Doctor979/2034 (48.1)11
 Nurse or midwife207/322 (64.3)1.9 (1.5 to 2.5)<0.0012.1 (1.6 to 2.9)<0.001
Clinic type*:
 Basic Health Centre531/1405 (37.8)11
 Comprehensive Health Centre655/951 (68.9)3.6 (3.1 to 4.3)<0.0012.4 (1.9 to 2.9)<0.001

2, P<0.001.

†χ2, P=0.01-001.