Table 5

 Vital signs and routine investigations before (epoch 1) and after (epoch 2) phase one of Safer Patients Initiative (SPI1). Figures are percentage compliance (binomial standard error (SE)) and odds ratios

Control hospitalsSPI1 hospitalsOR (99% CI), P value
Epoch 1 (n=236)Epoch 2* (n=240)Epoch 1 (n=381)Epoch 2* (n=380)Changes in controlsEffect of SPI1†
On admission
Temperature98 (1)99 (1)99 (1)99 (1)5.1 (0.3 to 89.5), 0.1440.2 (0.01 to 8.5), 0.289
Respiratory rate96 (1)99 (1)91 (2)98 (1)4.7 (0.6 to 36.5), 0.0521.5 (0.2 to 16.0), 0.677
Cyanosis/oxygen saturation99 (1)99 (1)98 (1)99 (1)1.7 (0.2 to 18.2), 0.5782.7 (0.1 to 55.2), 0.385
Confusion/mental state58 (3)65 (3)67 (2)69 (2)1.2 (0.7 to 2.1), 0.3071.2 (0.6 to 2.6), 0.437
Pulse99 (1)99 (1)99 (1)>99 (<1)3.3 (0.2 to 68.7), 0.3060.5 (0.01 to 23.7), 0.614
Blood pressure99 (1)99 (1)99 (1)>99 (<1)3.3 (0.2 to 68.7), 0.3060.5 (0.01 to 23.7), 0.614
At 6 hours
Temperature62 (3)74 (3)76 (2)86 (2)1.7 (1.0 to 2.9), 0.0081.0 (0.5 to 2.2), 0.976
Respiratory rate44 (3)73 (3)43 (3)82 (2)3.6 (2.1 to 6.2), <0.0012.0 (1.0 to 4.2), 0.015
Pulse67 (3)77 (3)83 (2)88 (2)1.7 (1.0 to 3.0), 0.0121.0 (0.4 to 2.3), 0.973
Oxygen saturation61 (3)75 (3)77 (2)88 (2)1.9 (1.1 to 3.3), 0.0021.3 (0.6 to 2.8), 0.425
At 12 hours
Temperature59 (3)70 (3)71 (2)82 (2)1.8 (1.0 to 3.0), 0.0051.3 (0.6 to 2.8), 0.314
Respiratory rate40 (3)69 (3)37 (3)78 (2)3.7 (2.2 to 6.2), <0.0012.1 (1.0 to 4.3), 0.008
Pulse62 (3)74 (3)75 (2)83 (2)1.9 (1.1 to 3.2), 0.0021.2 (0.5 to 2.5), 0.618
Oxygen saturation56 (3)73 (3)64 (3)82 (2)2.3 (1.4 to 3.9), <0.0011.4 (0.7 to 2.9), 0.234
Routine investigations
Urea and electrolytes>99 (<1)99 (1)99 (1)99 (1)0.6 (0.02 to 14.1), 0.6650.8 (0.02 to 39.5), 0.865
Chest x ray97 (1)98 (1)95 (1)94 (1)2.4 (0.5 to 11.8), 0.1640.5 (0.1 to 3.0), 0.291
Full blood count99 (1)98 (1)99 (1)98 (1)1.2 (0.1 to 10.5), 0.7890.2 (0.01 to 5.4), 0.223

*After intervention.

†OR >1 favours SPI1.