Table 4

 Characteristics of the four high and medium quality qualitative studies

StudyAimsMethodsStudy locationSample sizeSample characteristics
GenderAge rangeSocioeconomic statusEthnicity
Arai, 2004w11To explore the factors present at neighbourhood, family, peer group, and individual levels that influence teenage reproductive behaviourCross sectional study using semi-structured interviews with teenage mothersEngland (inner London, Greater Manchester, and Northumberland)15All femaleNot statedAuthor presents detail on family background (7 women from two parent families, 5 from one parent families, 3 from the “looked after children” system); marital status (1 married, 14 not married); and housing status (2 women living hostels)Authors report “white”=13; “black mixed”=1; “Asian”=1
Burnett, 2003w12To examine young women’s experiences of pregnancy and parenthood, and subsequent experiences of professionals and agencies in SuffolkCross sectional study using semi-structured interviews and focus groups to collect dataSuffolk, England17All female15-27 yearsNot statedNot stated
Hooke et al, 2000w13To explore gender differences in Scottish teenagers’ views about sexual relationships and consequences of teenage pregnancy
Cross sectional study using a self completion questionnaire with ten open ended questionsAyrshire, Scotland126Mixed (50% male, 50% female)14-15 yearsNot statedNot stated
Hughes et al, 1999w14To explore the factors that influence young people’s sexual behaviour and their attitudes towards pregnancy and parenthood
Cross sectional survey using discussion groups and semi-structured interviews to collect dataEngland (London, Birmingham and north-east England)Not clearly stated (approx. 60)Mixed (six of the nine discussion groups were female only and three were male only. Six women were interviewed and four men)15-25 yearsAuthors describe sample as including teenage mothers and fathers, looked-after young people, the homeless, those excluded from school and young offendersNot stated
Wiggins et al, 2005w15To explore the link between teenage parenthood and social exclusionPart 1 was a prospective study comparing teenage and non-teenage mothers. Part 2 was a cross sectional study using semi-structured interviews with women who were pregnant while teenagers, teenage fathers, and the children of teenage mothersEngland, (Derby, Reading, Tunbridge Wells, Stoke, Reading, and inner London)1262Mixed (13 teenage fathers interviewed)16-50 yearsOf the teenage mothers, 2/3 lived in social housing, 1/4 were a single parents, 1/4 were in paid employment, and 1/3 had no educational qualification; 12 of the 13 teenage fathers were “working class”; 17 of the 19 children of teenage parents were “working class”“White British”=approx 70%; eight other ethnic groups recorded