Table 1

Presenting characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who died and recovered patients. Values are numbers (percentages) unless stated otherwise

Total (n=274)Deaths (n=113)Recovered patients (n=161)
Characteristics
Median (IQR) age, years62.0 (44.0-70.0)68.0 (62.0-77.0)51.0 (37.0-66.0)
 <40 years53 (19)0 (0)53 (33)
 40-60 years68 (25)19 (17)49 (30)
 ≥60 years153 (56)94 (83)59 (37)
Sex:
 Female103 (38)30 (27)73 (45)
 Male171 (62)83 (73)88 (55)
Huanan Seafood Market exposure5 (2)4 (4)1 (1)
Close contact with confirmed case47 (17)14 (12)33 (20)
Smoking history19 (7)9 (8)10 (6)
Current smoker12 (4)7 (6)5 (3)
Former smoker7 (3)2 (2)5 (3)
Healthcare worker19 (7)1 (1)18 (11)
Pregnancy4 (1)0 (0)4 (2)
Comorbidities:133 (49)71 (63)62 (39)
 Hypertension93 (34)54 (48)39 (24)
 Diabetes47 (17)24 (21)23 (14)
 Cardiovascular disease23 (8)16 (14)7 (4)
 Chronic heart failure1 (<1)1 (1)0 (0)
 Chronic lung diseases18 (7)11 (10)7 (4)
 Malignancy7 (3)5 (4)2 (1)
 Hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity11 (4)5 (4)6 (4)
 HIV infection0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Cerebrovascular disease4 (1)4 (4)0 (0)
 Chronic kidney disease4 (1)4 (4)1 (1)
 Gastrointestinal diseases3 (1)1 (1)2 (1)
 Metabolic arthritis4 (1)1 (1)3 (2)
 Autoimmune disease2 (1)1 (1)1 (1)
Signs and symptoms at disease onset
Fever249 (91)104 (92)145 (90)
Cough185 (68)79 (70)106 (66)
Fatigue137 (50)64 (57)73 (45)
Anorexia66 (24)31 (27)35 (22)
Myalgia60 (22)21 (19)39 (24)
Dyspnoea120 (44)70 (62)50 (31)
Chest tightness103 (38)55 (49)48 (30)
Sputum production83 (30)35 (31)48 (30)
Haemoptysis7 (3)4 (4)3 (2)
Pharyngalgia12 (4)4 (4)8 (5)
Diarrhoea77 (28)27 (24)50 (31)
Nausea24 (9)8 (7)16 (10)
Vomiting16 (6)6 (5)10 (6)
Abdominal pain19 (7)6 (5)13 (8)
Headache31 (11)11 (10)20 (12)
Dizziness21 (8)10 (9)11 (7)
Median (IQR) time from onset of symptom to first outpatient visit, days4.0 (1.0-7.0)4.5 (0.0-7.0)4.0 (1.0-6.0)
Median (IQR) time from onset of symptom to hospital admission, days10.0 (7.0-12.0)10.0 (7.0-13.0)9.0 (6.0-12.0)
Median (IQR) time from onset of symptom to outcome, days22.0 (16.8-27.3)16.0 (12.0-20.0)26.0 (21.8-29.0)
Median (IQR) time from hospital admission to outcome, days13.0 (6.0-17.0)5.0 (3.0-9.3)16.0 (14.0-19.0)
Vital signs on admission
Disorders of consciousness26 (9)25 (22)1 (1)
Median (IQR) arterial pressure, mm Hg129.0 (118.8-143.3)137.0 (122.0-147.0)125.0 (115.5-136.0)
 <90 mm Hg10 (4)8 (7)2 (1)
 90-140 mm Hg181 (66)55 (49)126 (78)
 ≥140 mm Hg83 (30)50 (44)33 (20)
Median (IQR) heart rate, beat per minute94.0 (80.0-108.0)101.0 (82.0-111.0)91.0 (79.0-104.0)
 >100 beats per minute104 (38)56 (50)48 (30)
Median (IQR) respiratory rate, breaths per minute20.0 (20.0-24.0)24.0 (20.0-30.0)20.0 (20.0-21.0)
 <24 breaths per minute186 (68)47 (42)139 (86)
 24-30 breaths per minute53 (19)36 (32)17 (11)
 ≥30 breaths per minute35 (13)30 (27)5 (3)
Median (IQR) percutaneous oxygen saturation, %95.0 (85.0-98.0)85.0 (75.0-94.0)97.0 (95.3-98.0)
 ≤93%91 (33)72 (64)19 (12)

IQR=interquartile range.