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Lipoid Pneumonia in Infants and Children in South India

Br Med J 1973; 4 doi: (Published 10 November 1973) Cite this as: Br Med J 1973;4:329
  1. S. Balakrishnan


    Oil-aspiration pneumonia is a common cause of mortality and morbidity in infants and young children in South India. The high incidence of this condition results from the local custom of giving oil baths to infants and of cleansing the mouth, throat, and nose with oil. The clinical findings in 12 cases, 10 of them in babies aged under 8 months, are described. The signs range from an acute segmental collapse of the lung, clearing in a few days, to a chronic picture mimicking pulmonary tuberculosis or mucoviscoidosis. Mothers in South India should be advised to abandon the practice of cleansing their baby's mouth and nose with oil.