Intended for healthcare professionals


Death risk varies with social deprivation, employment, and ethnicity, data show

BMJ 2023; 382 doi: (Published 31 August 2023) Cite this as: BMJ 2023;382:p2011
  1. Gareth Iacobucci
  1. The BMJ

People who live in deprived areas and those in long term unemployment have an increased likelihood of dying from a range of health conditions, show data for England, and there is also substantial variation in risk across ethnic groups.

The Office for National Statistics figures,1 which were based on census data and cover around 97% of England’s population, describe rates of death related to cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, dementia, diabetes, and respiratory diseases, by sociodemographic characteristics and area of residence.

The data, covering 21 March 2021 to 31 January 2023, show that age standardised mortality from all causes was higher among men (1156.5 deaths per 100 000) than women (866 per 100 000).

Mortality was also higher in men …

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