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One-session treatment is as effective as multi-session therapy for young people with phobias

BMJ 2023; 381 doi: (Published 05 May 2023) Cite this as: BMJ 2023;381:p882
  1. Helen Saul, editor in chief1,
  2. Brendan Deeney, science writer1,
  3. Jemma Kwint, senior research fellow1,
  4. Lina Gega, professor of mental health and director of the Institute of Mental Health Research2
  1. 1NIHR Evidence, Twickenham, UK
  2. 2University of York and Hull York Medical School, UK
  1. Correspondence to H Saul evidence{at}

The study

Wright B, Tindall L, Scott AJ, et al. One-session treatment compared with multisession CBT in children aged 7-16 years with specific phobias: the ASPECT non-inferiority RCT. Health Technol Assess 2022;26:1-174.

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  • Competing interests: The BMJ has judged that there are no disqualifying financial ties to commercial companies. One author, Thompson Davis, received royalties from Intensive One-Session Treatment of Specific Phobias and received fees for training on one-session treatment for specific phobias. The other authors declare no competing interests.

  • Further details of The BMJ policy on financial interests are here:

  • All authors contributed to the development and review of this summary, as part of the wider NIHR Alerts editorial team.

  • More summaries of NIHR research are available at:

  • Disclaimer: NIHR Alerts are owned by the Department of Health and Social Care and are made available to The BMJ under licence. NIHR Alerts report and comment on health and social care research but do not offer any endorsement of the research. The NIHR assumes no responsibility or liability arising from any error or omission or from the use of any information contained in NIHR Alerts.

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