Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Healthy masculinities

Healthy masculinities: encouraging equality starts before birth

BMJ 2023; 380 doi: (Published 31 March 2023) Cite this as: BMJ 2023;380:p722
  1. Sebastian Kraemer, honorary consultant child and adolescent psychiatrist
  1. Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust, London NW3 5BA, UK
  1. kraemer{at}

Verma and colleagues discuss the need to encourage healthy forms of masculinity to promote gender equity and wellbeing.1 A prominent feature of masculinity is the suppression of vulnerability. Signs of weakness are shameful to many boys and men, from which follows a reluctance to seek help and contempt for frailty in others, both male and female. Yet, even before birth,2 the male fetus is more fragile.3 …

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