Intended for healthcare professionals


Healthy masculinities and the wellbeing of young men and boys

BMJ 2023; 380 doi: (Published 23 February 2023) Cite this as: BMJ 2023;380:p385
  1. Ravi K Verma, director,
  2. Nalini V Khurana, technical specialist, gender and social inclusion
  1. International Center for Research on Women, (ICRW) Asia Regional Office, Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to: R K Verma rverma{at}

Encouraging equality starts at school

Andrew Tate, the British-American social media personality and self-proclaimed misogynist, recently made headlines for his arrest on charges of rape and human trafficking. Alongside much global condemnation, Tate has received a massive wave of support—millions of young men and boys look up to him as a model of masculinity and a positive force for men. Tate’s rise as a major influencer across online spaces—particularly the “manosphere,” a network of communities within which male supremacist and antiwomen discourses flourish—has revived global attention to the need to engender progressive, healthy forms of masculinity, especially among young men and boys. The Tate case also raises important questions around the conceptualisation and operationalisation of “toxic” and “healthy” masculinities, and the value of gendered typologies and framings underpinning approaches to promote gender equity and wellbeing within health settings and broader society.

Masculinity related norms that define the socially accepted ways of “being a man” place value on behaviours and attitudes that are characterised by control, stoicism, emotional rigidity and inhibition, risk …

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