Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Digital consent in advance of undergoing procedures

Consent is the conclusion of a decision making process

BMJ 2022; 378 doi: (Published 23 September 2022) Cite this as: BMJ 2022;378:o2200
  1. Samuel J Finnikin, academic general practitioner,
  2. Alf Collins, clinical director for personalised care
  1. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  2. NHS England
  1. finniksj{at}

Richards emphasises the ongoing need to improve the process of consent.1 Gaining consent is fundamental to healthcare, but, if done poorly, patients risk receiving healthcare they don’t need or want, and healthcare professionals risk complaints and litigation.

Since the Montgomery ruling, it is no longer acceptable to list facts and figures in a hurried conversation, perhaps on the day of surgery, culminating with a signature …

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