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Commentary: Mandatory covid vaccination blames individual care home workers for government failures

BMJ 2021; 374 doi: (Published 05 August 2021) Cite this as: BMJ 2021;374:n1902

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  1. Nadra Ahmed, chair, National Care Association
  1. Rochester, UK
  1. Nadra.Ahmed{at}

Compulsory jabs detract from the crucial problems of underfunding and workforce shortages, says Nadra Ahmed—and if care home staff leave, it will increase pressure on the NHS

Before covid, independent analyses had found the UK care home sector to be in a “fragile” state.12 Successive governments have ignored chronic underfunding and a worsening staff recruitment crisis, while clients’ care needs grow. Now covid has left social care providers battling for survival to provide support for some of the frailest members of our society.

As the pandemic took hold the NHS was given unconditional support to respond. Meanwhile, the social care workforce was left to continue delivering community support despite insufficient personal protective equipment and unsafe discharges from hospitals. Care home staff, like our NHS colleagues, work on the front line, but there was no cry to “keep them safe,” no “protective shield” around our services. In return for care staff’s dedication, the prime minister saw fit to blame excess deaths in care homes on poor infection control, which outraged the sector.3

As care services continued to work hard to stabilise and move forward, on 14 April 2021—less than three months after covid vaccines became available—the government embarked on a consultation to make vaccination a condition of employment in care homes. Despite most (57%) of the 135 000 respondents to the government’s consultation opposing mandatory vaccination of staff, with clients and families mostly opposed, the government has pushed ahead with this policy.4

Our sector supports people when they are at their most vulnerable, and of course we share the ambition to have a fully vaccinated workforce. But we already have over 87% of staff and 95% of residents vaccinated at least once in England—a figure that rises daily.5 The figures in London are much lower, however—and herein lies the challenge.

Unvaccinated visitors

Community transmission remains prevalent, and we know that even vaccinated staff can carry the virus, as can unvaccinated visitors including loved ones and healthcare workers. All health and care services and staff coexist to support patients and clients. Making vaccines mandatory for a part and not the whole makes no sense. Our workforce could walk out of our services and take jobs straight away in the NHS, while social care residents will access treatment, should they need it, from healthcare workers who may be unvaccinated.

We have an exhausted and anxious workforce who, through this new legislation, are being targeted as the root cause of the spread of infection, such that they must have their employment conditions amended. Where is the consideration for alleviating real anxieties about adverse effects from new vaccines? We have a predominantly female workforce who may feel challenged by some of the assumptions relating to childbearing, as well as a considerable number of staff from ethnic minority communities who may have concerns about vaccines embedded in their culture. This is not an ultimatum that staff need.

Unsustainable services

Care homes have a growing staffing crisis, with over 112 000 vacancies and the need for an additional 500 000 care workers in the next decade or so.6 The most dangerous assumption is that staff who walk out will be easily replaced: if staff who have not yet had a vaccine were to leave—potentially an additional 13%—care services would be unsustainable.

Mandatory vaccination of care home workers highlights that social care is always seen as the problem, never the solution. Chronic underinvestment has had a direct impact on the sustainability of services, which has been further eroded by the pandemic. The unintended consequence of this legislation will be greater pressure on the NHS if we cannot staff our services.


  • doi: 10.1136/bmj.n1902
  • Competing interests: I have read and understood BMJ policy on declaration of interests and have no relevant interests to declare.

  • Provenance and peer review: Commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.

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