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Improving prognosis for kidney disease . . . and other stories

BMJ 2021; 373 doi: (Published 03 June 2021) Cite this as: BMJ 2021;373:n1364

Slowing the progression of kidney disease

People with kidney disease have a better prognosis if they’re treated with drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin system than if they’re given calcium channel blockers, according to an analysis of a Swedish database (Am J Kidney Dis doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2020.10.006). The need for kidney replacement therapy was reduced by around 20% in those taking renin-angiotensin system inhibitors. However, no corresponding reductions in mortality or the incidence of cardiovascular events were noted.


Sigmund Freud thought that dreams represented the disguised fulfilment of a repressed wish. Other hypotheses about the function of dreams involve the consolidation of memories or the amelioration of the emotional …

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