Managing long covid: don’t overlook olfactory dysfunctionBMJ 2020; 370 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3736 (Published 25 September 2020) Cite this as: BMJ 2020;370:m3736
- Claire Hopkins, professor of rhinology1,
- Duika L Burges Watson, lecturer in population and health2,
- Chrissi Kelly, founder3,
- Vincent Deary, professor of applied health psychology4,
- Barry C Smith, director5
- 1Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals, London SE1 9RT, UK
- 2Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle on Tyne, UK
- 3AbScent Charity, Andover, UK
- 4University of Northumbria, Newcastle on Tyne, UK
- 5Institute of Philosophy, Centre for the Study of the Senses, London, UK
“One of the most distressing aspects of living with long covid is the dismissive attitude of some doctors.”1 This quote from Paul Garner in The BMJ resonates closely with views expressed by patients coming to terms with persistent olfactory dysfunction as a consequence of covid-19 infection. Loss of smell and taste is one of the most prevalent symptoms of covid-192 and the best predictor of covid status.23 A substantial proportion of patients experience at least partial recovery of their loss of smell, but 10% report persistent loss eight weeks after onset.4 Parosmia—distortion of the sense of smell that can severely impair appetite owing to familiar foods triggering a foul smell—also seems to be prevalent in patients with covid-19. It had already been reported by more than 50% of patients with post-viral olfactory loss before the covid-19 pandemic.5 A similar disruption to normal life is likely to be found among patients with covid-19.
Greenhalgh and colleagues’ otherwise excellent article on the management of post-acute covid-19 emphasises the broad range of symptoms experienced by patients with what has been termed long covid,6 but does not mention smell or taste disturbance. A patient led project evaluating covid-19 recovery with a survey found that loss of smell and taste was reported by more than 50% of respondents; loss of appetite and nausea even more frequently.7 The terminology used in such surveys, “loss of smell or taste,” probably underestimates the extent and health consequences of parosmia. If we are to provide appropriate support and advice, the questions we put to patients should be reframed as “alterations in smell and taste” to better capture the effect of covid-19 on olfactory and gustatory function. We are currently working with a large group of patients who are struggling to manage their persistent olfactory symptoms and feel that they are being overlooked by the healthcare system. Greenhalgh and colleagues’ article suggests that they might be right.
Competing interests: None declared.
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