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Covid-19: Pandemic is having “severe” impact on non-communicable disease care, WHO survey finds

BMJ 2020; 369 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2210 (Published 03 June 2020) Cite this as: BMJ 2020;369:m2210

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  1. Owen Dyer
  1. Montreal

The covid-19 pandemic has dramatically curtailed the provision of health services for non-communicable diseases, says a survey of 155 countries by the World Health Organization conducted over three weeks in May.1

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) killed about 41 million people last year, 71% of all deaths worldwide. About 15 million people aged 30 to 69 die each year from an NCD, and 85% of these premature deaths occur in low and middle income countries.

In the survey poorer countries were the most likely to report disrupted services, but some 94% of responding countries had reassigned health ministry staff from work on NCDs to dealing with the pandemic. Hypertension treatment has been partially or completely disrupted in 53% of the countries surveyed, diabetes treatment in 49%, cancer treatment in 42%, and cardiovascular emergency responses in 31% of countries, the survey found.

In the Netherlands, new cancer diagnoses have fallen by 25% since the pandemic lockdown began. In rural India, 30% fewer cardiac emergencies reached health facilities in March 2020 than the previous year.

Rehabilitation services, which are often key to a healthy recovery after severe covid-19, have been disrupted in 63% of countries surveyed. Screening campaigns have been put on hold in more than half.

WHO’s director general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said, “The results of this survey confirm what we’ve been hearing from countries for a number of weeks now. Many people who need treatment for diseases like cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes have not been receiving the health services and medicines they need since the covid-19 pandemic began. It’s vital that countries find innovative ways to ensure that essential services for NCDs continue, even as they fight covid-19.”

Progress in curbing NCDs has dwindled since 2010, and the world was already off course to meet its sustainable development goal of reducing premature deaths by a third before 2030. Post-pandemic health services will need an NCD plan to regain the ground lost, says WHO.

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