Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Covid-19: mitigating the effects of the pandemic response

Covid-19 and refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants in Greece

BMJ 2020; 369 doi: (Published 01 June 2020) Cite this as: BMJ 2020;369:m2168
  1. Elias Kondilis, associate professor of primary health care—health policy1,
  2. Karl Puchner, research fellow2,
  3. Apostolos Veizis, director3,
  4. Christos Papatheodorou, professor of social policy4,
  5. Alexis Benos, professor of hygiene, social medicine, and primary healthcare1
  1. 1Department of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
  2. 2Department of Medicine, National Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  3. 3Medical Operational Support Unit, Médecins sans Frontières, Athens, Greece
  4. 4Department of Social Policy, Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Athens, Greece
  1. ekondilis{at}

Douglas and colleagues correctly say that refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants are vulnerable to epidemics.1 Social distancing in the overcrowded places where they commonly reside is impossible, and early detection of cases is difficult owing to their exclusion from national healthcare plans. Local outbreaks among refugees and migrants are expected in epidemics, outbreaks that might go unchecked or even concealed.2

In the covid-19 pandemic, the World Health Organization, the UN Refugee Agency, and the International Organisation for …

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