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Futility and waste within biomedicine, corruption in the governance of the healthcare and biomedical research, burgeoning healthcare costs threaten the health coverage , undermine medical insurance systems, overloading insurers with bills for unnecessary drugs, treatments and tests. Of particular concern are invasive procedures performed without sufficient indications [2-4].
1. Heath I. Boost for sustainable healthcare. BMJ 2020;368:m284
2. Bailey CS, Fehlings MG, Rampersaud YR, Hall H, Wai EK, Fisher CG. Industry and evidence-based medicine: Believable or conflicted? A systematic review of the surgical literature. Can J Surg. 2011;54(5):321–326.
3. Jargin SV. Scientific papers and patents on substances with unproven effects. Recent Pat Drug Deliv Formul. 2019;13(1):37-45. Part 2: 13(3):160-173. doi: 10.2174/1872211313666190819124752.