Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Breastfeeding and the environment

Environmental impact of bottles, teats, and packaging in maternity units

BMJ 2019; 367 doi: (Published 06 November 2019) Cite this as: BMJ 2019;367:l6331
  1. Genevieve E Becker, dietitian and lactation consultant1,
  2. Yvonne Ryan-Fogarty, researcher2
  1. 1BEST Services, Galway, Republic of Ireland H91 T22T
  2. 2Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Limerick, Limerick, Republic of Ireland V94 T9PX
  1. gbecker{at}

Joffe and colleagues point out some of the environmental effects of infant feeding.1 Another aspect is the thousands of ready-to-use bottles, associated teats and packaging, and the volume of unconsumed breastmilk substitute that are used during the short stay in a maternity unit and need disposal.2

Research to identify environmental pressures, inform …

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