Intended for healthcare professionals


Salt shake up . . . and other stories

BMJ 2018; 363 doi: (Published 28 November 2018) Cite this as: BMJ 2018;363:k4924

Reducing salt

Many guidelines recommend reduction of dietary salt intake for people with heart failure, but according to a systematic review, there’s not much evidence to support this advice. The reviewers identified nine relevant studies, none of which had more than 100 participants (JAMA Intern Med doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4673). Only two of the seven trials in outpatients with chronic heart failure reported clinical improvement when salt intake was reduced. Indications that restriction of salt intake was beneficial for inpatients with acute heart failure were even weaker.


Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and during this time Muslims fast from dawn to sunset. A study …

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