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You can’t say “…female surgeons are particularly good at communication, collaboration, and patient centredness” and then claim that there is no difference between the genders. Clearly there are differences between the genders and I think we should celebrate these: things work best when we collaborate instead of competing - as nature intended!
It is about time that people got serious about equality in employment: if we are to have it (and we have a long way to go in the UK) then we must not favour one group over another ("positive discrimination" is as bad as its opposite) - and it is vital that selection procedures are as fair as we can make them.
If a disparity is identified between the numbers from different groups entering a particular speciality (and I wonder if such examination is helpful) we should not assume it is because of bias rather than another reason. To insist that it is due to discrimination is both damaging and hypocritical.