Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Doctors’ duty to participate in research

Investigators have a duty to minimise waste in pragmatic trials

BMJ 2017; 358 doi: (Published 20 July 2017) Cite this as: BMJ 2017;358:j3531
  1. Stephen J Chapman, NIHR academic clinical fellow1,
  2. James C D Glasbey, NIHR academic clinical fellow2
  1. 1Leeds Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (LIBACS), University of Leeds, Leeds LS9 7TF, UK
  2. 2University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  1. stephen.chapman{at}

Campbell, Weijer, and colleagues debate the duty to take part in pragmatic randomised trials.1 Randomised controlled trials in surgery are frequently pragmatic because of unique challenges related to complex interventions. Although once described as “comic opera,” surgical research in the UK has advanced significantly in recent years owing to dedicated surgical …

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