Intended for healthcare professionals

  1. Gemma Villanueva, senior systematic reviewer1,
  2. M Stephen Murphy, clinical advisor1,
  3. David Vickers, chair of guideline committee, consultant paediatrician and medical director2 3,
  4. Emily Harrop, deputy chair of the guideline committee, consultant in paediatric palliative care4 5,
  5. Katharina Dworzynski, guideline lead1
  1. 1National Guideline Alliance, Royal College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians, London NW1 4RG, UK
  2. 2Cambridgeshire Community Services NHS Trust, St Ives PE27 4LG, UK
  3. 3East Anglia’s Children's Hospices, Milton CB24 6DF, UK
  4. 4Helen & Douglas House, Oxford OX4 1RW, UK
  5. 5Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
  1. Correspondence to: K Dworzynski kdworzynski{at}

What you need to know

  • Involve children and young people with life limiting conditions and their parents or carers in decision making and care planning

  • An advance care plan is a core element of a child’s or young person’s end of life care

  • Be aware that other family members such as siblings and grandparents, and others (such as friends, boyfriends or girlfriends) may need support

  • Name a medical specialist who leads on and coordinates the child or young person’s care

  • Decisions about care should always consider what it is the best interest of the child

Children and young people can have a wide range of life limiting conditions and may sometimes live with such conditions for many years. This guideline recommends that end of life care be managed as a long term process that begins at the time of diagnosis of a life limiting condition and entails planning for the future. Sometimes it may begin before the child’s birth. It is part of the overall care of the child or young person and runs in parallel with other active treatments for the underlying condition itself.1 Finally, it includes those aspects related to the care of the dying.

This guideline was commissioned with the aim to standardise end of life care for infants, children, and young people living with a life limiting condition, and thus promote equity and consistency. Important themes are to involve children and young people and their parents or carers in decisions about their care, facilitate their care in their preferred location (most likely home), and plan for day and night care.

This article summarises the most recent guidance from the recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) on the planning and management of end of life care in infants, children, and young people.2 For a visual summary, please …

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