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Letters Effect of recessions on health

Recession may decrease mortality trends

BMJ 2016; 354 doi: (Published 26 September 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;354:i5165
  1. Giuseppe Vetrugno, forensic pathologist and risk manager1,
  2. Angelico Spagnolo, forensic pathologist1,
  3. Fabio De-Giorgio, forensic pathologist2
  1. 1Risk Management Unit, Policlinico A Gemelli, 8-00168 Rome, Italy
  2. 2Institute of Public Health, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
  1. giuseppe.vetrugno{at}

Parmar and colleagues focus on the health effects of the 2008 economic crisis, amplified by austerity, in the so called PIGS countries (Portugal, Italy, Greece, and Spain).1 The crisis wasn’t the result of an explosion of sovereign debt, as is intimated, but of an increase in private borrowing,2 a consequence of disproportions in budgets owing …

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