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Tampon makers could help reduce violence against women

BMJ 2016; 353 doi: (Published 28 June 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;353:i3465
  1. S D Shanti, associate professor of public health
  1. A T Still University of Health Sciences, 8535 East Still Circle, Mesa, AZ 85206, USA
  1. sshanti{at}

Preventive strategies and support for a billion victims globally are hugely underfunded

“Physical or sexual violence is a public health problem that affects more than one third of all women globally”—at least a billion—says a 2013 World Health Organization study, conducted with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the South African Medical Research Council.1 Violence against women is a global health problem on a scale bigger than HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis.

Consequences of such violence include physical injuries, psychological trauma, and 43 500 untimely deaths a year worldwide.2 The costs associated with violence against women include healthcare and legal expenses.3 Additionally, lost productivity related to such violence diminishes the world’s gross domestic product by 3.7%.4

Vaccines against violence

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