Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Electronic cigarettes

Nicotine has deleterious effects on wound healing through increased vasoconstriction

BMJ 2016; 353 doi: (Published 17 May 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;353:i2709
  1. Christopher S Davies, core surgical trainee1,
  2. Amir Ismail, consultant plastic surgeon1
  1. 1University Hospital North Midlands Plastic Surgery Department, Royal Stoke University Hospital, Stoke on Trent ST4 6QG, UK
  1. christopher.davies9{at}

Regarding your article supporting the use of e-cigarettes,1 we wholeheartedly endorse any measure that reduces public health harm from smoking. The appropriateness of requiring patients to stop smoking before elective surgery has …

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