Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters “Vaginal seeding” after caesarean section

Offering women safer options than “vaginal seeding” for infants born by caesarean section

BMJ 2016; 352 doi: (Published 31 March 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;352:i1734
  1. Clever Banda, consultant paediatrician and senior lecturer
  1. University of Queensland, Hervey Bay Rural Clinical School, Hervey Bay Hospital, Urraween, QLD 4655, Australia
  1. cleverbanda{at}

Cunnington and colleagues’ paper raises concerns about the risk of transmission of serious infections posed by the practice of “vaginal seeding” in infants born by caesarean section.1 This practice involves exposing these infants to vaginal fluids post-delivery and therefore exposing them to similar microbiota to that of infants born vaginally. Delivery by caesarean has been associated with problems such …

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