Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Whole body electrical stimulation

It’s time to regulate the use of whole body electrical stimulation

BMJ 2016; 352 doi: (Published 30 March 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;352:i1693
  1. Stephen D H Malnick, director1,
  2. Yael Band, resident1,
  3. Pavel Alin, senior physician1,
  4. Nicola A Maffiuletti, director2
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel
  2. 2Human Performance Lab, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
  1. nicola.maffiuletti{at}

Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (ES) of human nerves and muscles has long been used as a non-pharmacological treatment for pain relief,1 and for rehabilitation after disuse. Whole body ES has recently emerged as an alternative form of physical exercise for improving fitness and health in healthy people. Despite limited scientific evidence on the safety and effectiveness of this form of exercise, several ES company sponsored fitness centres have …

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