Intended for healthcare professionals


Emergency department attendances and heart disease deaths vary fivefold across England

BMJ 2015; 351 doi: (Published 18 September 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;351:h4993
  1. Nigel Hawkes
  1. 1London

People in some English local authorities lose 20 times as many years of life as those in other areas as a result of chronic liver disease, shows a new edition of the NHS Atlas of Variation in Healthcare (

Variation is a fact of life in the NHS in England. For example, babies 6-8 weeks old are nearly five times as likely to be enjoying the benefits of breast feeding in some places …

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