Effective interventions and strategies for improving early child developmentBMJ 2015; 351 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h4029 (Published 14 September 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;351:h4029
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1. Yalda Rumi, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2. Roshanak Mokaberinejad, Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Growth is one of the most basic phenomena during the Childhood and adolescence. It is influenced by genetic background and interactions between hormonal, nutritional, psychosocial, socioeconomic, and lifestyle habits of individuals (1). Growth disorders are determined by different patterns such as short stature, underweight, overweight, and obesity. These disorders in childhood might increase the risk of different associated co morbidities in later life (2).
Traditional Persian (Iranian) medicine (TPM) offers many valuable concepts about growth measures and disorders but these implications are discussed diffused among other subjects such as food policy (Tadbire macool), ages (senin), maternal and pregnancy health (Tadbire havamel), pediatric health (Tadbire sebyan), health maintaining (hefzolsehe), disease reasons (asbabe bimary) and shape and amount decay (fesade shekl va meghdar) (3).
The TPM practitioners believe that combine TPM suggestions with current medical instructions can make better results (3).
In TPM texts growth age is from birth till around thirty. The growth age is divided in four parts and each part lasts around seven years. During these periods hardness of body excess and humidity is decreased so the potential of growth is decreased because according to the TPM sages believes degree of temperament humidity is the most important predictive factor of growth. Because the temperament of growth and growth age is humid and warm using the foods and any other actions increased humidity and warmness could help growth process (3, 4).
Among foods some of the best meals for helping growth are lamp, chicken, yolk, whole meal wheat bread, rice, baked figs or grape, dates, milk with honey, almond, vetch and pea (3-5).
Children also are recommended to do a moderate exercise followed with a gentle massage and anointment. They are also prevented from anger, intense fear, sorrow and excessive wake (3-5). Extent of use of these measures depends on individual’s temperament. However, the efficacy and safety of these measures should be examined by well-designed clinical trials.
1. Nguyen HT, Eriksson B, Petzold M, Bondjers G, Tran TK, Nguyen LT, et al. Factors associated with physical growth of children during the first two years of life in rural and urban areas of Vietnam. BMC pediatrics. 2013;13(1):1.
2. Bahreynian M, Motlagh ME, Qorbani M, Heshmat R, Ardalan G, Kelishadi R. Prevalence of growth disorders in a nationally representative sample of Iranian adolescents according to socioeconomic status: the CASPIAN-III Study. Pediatrics & Neonatology. 2015;56(4):242-7.
3. Chaghmini m. mofareh al-gholub. lahoor: salim lahoor; 1915.
4. Ibn Sina H. Al-Qanon fi al-Tib. Beirut: Alaalami Library; 2005.
5. Chashti M. Exir-e Aazam. Tehran: Iran university of Medical Science: Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine; 2007.
Competing interests: No competing interests