Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Peer victimisation and depression

Study overestimates depression due to victimisation in adolescence

BMJ 2015; 351 doi: (Published 07 July 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;351:h3647
  1. Mike A Males, senior researcher1
  1. and Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, Oklahoma City, OK 73111, USA
  1. mmales{at}

Bowes and colleagues overstate the amount of adult depression associated with peer bullying in adolescence because of serious limitations in their dataset1—for example, failure to control for confounding by previous adult bullying in childhood. Adult violence and bullying against children and adolescents is widespread. In the US, authorities substantiated 120 000 physical abuses, …

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