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Half of US cardiovascular deaths are due to modifiable risk factors, study finds

BMJ 2015; 350 doi: (Published 30 June 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;350:h3539
  1. Michael McCarthy
  1. 1Seattle

If the five commonest modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease—high cholesterol concentrations, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and smoking—were eliminated in the United States, deaths from cardiovascular disease would be halved, a new study in the Annals of Internal Medicine has found.1 Cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death in the US, accounting for more than 780 000 deaths in 2010.

In the cross sectional and cohort study, Shivani Patel, a postdoctoral fellow at Hubert Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, and colleagues estimated what fraction of cardiovascular deaths would be prevented in 2009 to …

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