Most common cause of death in England and Wales in 2013 was heart disease in men and dementia in womenBMJ 2015; 350 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h1156 (Published 02 March 2015) Cite this as: BMJ 2015;350:h1156
The leading cause of death among men in England and Wales in 2013 was ischaemic heart disease, accounting for 15.4% of deaths, while among women it was dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, which caused 12.2% of deaths, show the latest statistics.1 Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease overtook heart disease as the leading cause of death among women in 2012.
Altogether there were 506 790 deaths in England and Wales in 2013, up 1.5% from 2012. The second leading cause of death among men in 2013 was lung cancer (malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus, or lung), causing 6.8% of deaths, while among women it was ischaemic heart disease (10%) (table⇓).
Around 0.1% of all deaths were among children aged 1-4 years. Most resulted from congenital malformations, deformations, and chromosomal abnormalities (13% of boys and 14% of girls). Among girls homicide was the second most common cause (12 deaths), while among boys it was the fifth most common (10 deaths).
The leading cause of death among children and teenagers aged 5-19 years was land transport accidents, accounting for 13% of deaths in this age group but more common among boys than girls. Suicide was the second leading cause of death of boys in this age group (112 deaths) and sixth among girls (23 deaths).
In the next age group, 20 to 34 years, suicide was the leading cause of death (24% of men and 12% of women), with accidental poisoning another common cause of death, followed by land transport accidents.
Suicide remains the leading cause of death of men aged 35-49, accounting for 13% of deaths, while breast cancer was the leading cause of death among women in this age group, at 14%.
Among people aged 50 to 64 and both sexes the leading causes of death were long term diseases and conditions. Cancer of the trachea, bronchus, and lung was the leading cause among women, accounting for 11% of deaths in this age group, followed by breast cancer. Heart diseases were the leading cause of death among men in this age group.
Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease was the leading cause of death of women aged over 80, accounting for 17% of deaths, followed by ischaemic heart disease (11%). These causes of death were reversed among men with ischaemic heart disease at 15% and dementia at 11%.
Cite this as: BMJ 2015;350:h1156