Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Utility of animal research

Alternatives to animal research in acute lung injury

BMJ 2014; 349 doi: (Published 10 July 2014) Cite this as: BMJ 2014;349:g4171
  1. Dhruv Parekh, clinical lecturer in respiratory medicine1,
  2. Rachel C A Dancer, clinical research fellow1,
  3. David R Thickett, reader in respiratory medicine1
  1. 1University of Birmingham, Centre for Translational Inflammation Research, University of Birmingham Laboratories, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK
  1. d.parekh{at}

Pound and Bracken suggest that all animal research is futile,1 highlighting problems with quality, validity, and reporting. Although animal research is not a perfect model of human disease, there are practical and ethical difficulties in proceeding directly to human trials of new drugs. Rather …

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