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Letters Access to morphine in India

Improving use of opioid analgesics in India

BMJ 2014; 348 doi: (Published 19 March 2014) Cite this as: BMJ 2014;348:g2077
  1. Ashish K Kakkar, clinical pharmacologist1
  1. 1Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal – 462024, India
  1. drashishkakkar{at}

Amendments to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act are expected to improve access to drugs for millions of people in India who have chronic pain caused by cancer and other debilitating conditions.1 Since it came into force in 1985, there has been much criticism of the act, which aims …

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