Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Promotion of electronic cigarettes

Detrimental effects of e-cigarettes on surgical outcomes

BMJ 2014; 348 doi: (Published 05 February 2014) Cite this as: BMJ 2014;348:g1156
  1. Will J M Holmes, plastic surgery registrar1,
  2. S J Southern, consultant plastic and hand surgeon1
  1. 1Pinderfields Hospital, Wakefield WF1 4DG, UK
  1. willjmholmes{at}

We would like to highlight the problems that e-cigarettes may have on surgical patients.1

The increased availability and growing acceptability of e-cigarettes means that surgical patients use them preoperatively and …

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