Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters MMSE copyright

A copyright-free alternative to the mini-mental state examination is needed

BMJ 2012; 345 doi: (Published 21 December 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;345:e8589
  1. Madhavan Seshadri, specialist trainee year 5 in psychiatry 1,
  2. Nadeem Mazi-Kotwal, consultant in old age psychiatry1
  1. 1South Essex Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, Weller Wing, Bedford Hospital, Bedford MK42 9DJ, UK
  1. seshmadhavan{at}

With elderly people being the fastest increasing subgroup of the population in most developed countries, the prevalence of dementia will increase exponentially. Early diagnosis and support will improve quality of life and reduce financial costs to the state.1 2

Folstein’s mini-mental state examination (MMSE) has been used worldwide as a …

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