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Letters Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation differs across ethnic and racial groups

BMJ 2012; 345 doi: (Published 13 November 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;345:e7615
  1. Keval S V Shah, medical student1,
  2. Anoop S V Shah, cardiology research fellow2,
  3. Raj Bhopal, Bruce and John Usher professor of public health and honorary consultant in public health medicine3
  1. 1University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
  2. 2Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4SU, UK
  3. 3Centre for Population Health Sciences, Medical School, Edinburgh
  1. anoopsshah{at}

Nolan and colleagues’ review on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) did not cover the important problem of ethnic and racial differences in provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and therefore survival after cardiac arrest.1

Provision of CPR is not standard across all ethnic and racial groups. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis conducted by us concluded that black patients are less likely to receive …

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