Intended for healthcare professionals

Letters Research misconduct

The REF and UK academic medicine

BMJ 2012; 344 doi: (Published 24 January 2012) Cite this as: BMJ 2012;344:e544
  1. Damian G Fogarty, consultant and senior lecturer in renal medicine1
  1. 1Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast BT9 7AB, UK
  1. d.fogarty{at}

In a recent analysis,1 retracted fraudulent papers were found to be more likely than retracted erroneous ones to be authored by repeat offenders, to be published in higher impact factor journals, and to come from US institutions. Tavare’s review summarises responses to misconduct from countries (including the US) where research fraud is mainly regulated by institutions.2 Such an …

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